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The Memorial is found in many English towns and Villages to commemorate an event.
While some memorials commemorate events such as mining or shipping disasters, the most common form is the War Memorial. Typically most memorials are designed as an act of rememberance for those that gave their lives in the First and Second World Wars.
Before the First World War most memorials did not feature the names of those who died. Afterwards due to the huge loss of life most English and many European towns and villages had a memorial, many built from public subscriptions.
This was particulary common in Northern England where young men had joined the Pals regiments, and often an entire generation of young men had been killed.
After the 2nd world war the names of the dead would often be added to existing memorials. Either carved or added as metal plagues. In more recent history memorials have been created for those outside the military such as civillans and on some occasions animals. Nowadays the intention of most memorials is not to glorify war, but to honour those who have died.
Each autumn on the 11th of November Remembrance Day is held (or the first sunday nearest the 11th).
At each memorial The Royal British Legion performs a Remembrance ceremony where wreaths of Poppys are laid.
Laurence Binyon's stanza (below) is read aloud and a 2 minutes silence is observed and The Last Post is sounded on a Bugle.
"They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old.
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them. "